How to Date Furniture by Casters. The use of bolster pillows and more upholstery is starting to emerge. Legs tend to be curved to scrolled or cloven hoof feet.
Your guide to antique pottery marks, porcelain marks and china marks. How to Evaluate Antique Furniture. Types of Dovetails in Antiques.
Fine old works are often French-polished, a variation of the shellac finish. You should look at the screws, nails, wood, joining and hardware. This puts your piece into the Victorian era at the earliest. The style began in France and England, but eventually migrated to America where it evolved into two other furniture styles, dating sites for Naturalistic and Renaissance Revival. New technology advancements allowed more machined parts to be generated.
Sometimes referred to as a spool foot. The spade foot style has a rectangular shape that is wide at the top tapering to a narrower base. Victorian, The Victorian period as it relates to furniture styles can be divided into several distinct styles. The style will tell you which period the piece represents, irish singles dating but there are literally hundreds of different styles used throughout the centuries.
Know Your Furniture Leg Styles
It is similar to a reeded leg, except that fluted channels are concave compared to convex or raised. When a piece of furniture is made in England, or styled after an English example, it may be known as Hepplewhite. This type of turned furniture foot, separated from the leg by a ring, is basically cylindrical in shape although it swells out slightly and then tapers down to a plain point. If each dovetail is the same size and evenly spaced, they were crafted on machinery. Other dark woods were featured, often to contrast the lighter ornaments.
Legs vary from straight to baluster-turned forms to spindle turned. Straight saw marks also indicate an old piece. This era saw the wide usage of turned moldings and dark woods, but this time stained to imitate ebony and lacquer. One exception to this is known as the Spanish foot, which flares to a scroll. Reflecting the architectural ornamentation of the period, inlays were popular, dating parker as was carving and even painted highlights.
- Pennsylvania cabinetmakers used Marlborough feet, while other regions favored ogee bracket feet.
- Look at where your skin comes into contact with the handle and the area around it.
- It is usually plain, even if the attached leg is fluted as shown in this example.
- Their motifs range from curvilinear and florid early in the period to angular and almost severe by the end of the period.
The time frame is the same. Antique Furniture is one of the most fascinating sections of antique collecting. Sheraton pieces are more closely associated with rural cabinetmakers. Look on the underside or backside of the piece.
The French held it in higher esteem. When trying to identify antique furniture, dedicated antique hunters search for beautifully preserved pieces, armed with pins, magnifying glasses, spirit levels and all sorts of testing equipment. When lesser woods were used, they were often painted to reflect these more expensive woods. Chippendale was influenced by ancient cultures, such as the Romans, and Gothic influences. Elizabethan, This sub-category of the Victorian era is probably the most feminine-influenced style.
How to Tell the Age of Antique Furniture
The most popular woods were walnut, poplar, cherry, and maple. It is usually found on heavy case pieces, especially of Germanic or Dutch origin. It can be round or squared and often gradually tapers. This style originated with the French, but was embraced by American furniture manufacturers. Shipping furniture can be a costly proposition.
How to Date Furniture by Casters
Recognizing Age and Construction in Antique Furniture
On handmade furniture, rungs, slats, spindles, rockers, and other small-diameter components are not uniform. Here are a few tips on how to determine the age of a piece of furniture. Look at the nails used in the construction of your piece of furniture. Chair rails were more often mortised through the back legs when made in Philadelphia. Spider legs can also be slim, straight legs found on gatefold tables.
Links within each description lead to more information on styles, periods, and types of antique furniture. This furniture foot style consists of a tapered cylinder that is separated from the leg by a turned ring. It is sometimes called a knurl toe. Look at the craftsmanship of the dovetails.
Furniture of this time was made from more expensive woods, such as ebony or rosewood. Lines tend to be sweeping, undulating curves. The thick panels created were then steamed in molds to create the illusion of carving.
Identifying Antique Furniture Foot Styles
- Former architectural periods found most furniture placed against the outside perimeter of the walls and brought forward to be used.
- Meeks also enjoyed success with laminated furniture.
- It was revived yet again in the midth century and used on many Victorian furniture pieces.
- It is a variation of the club foot, distinguished by the underlying disk.
- Years and years of handling and contact with skin oils should leave a patina on both the handles and the surrounding wood.
Furniture that had mechanical parts was also embraced by the Victorians of this era. How to Value an Antique Couch. It is basically a more squat version of a ball foot, flattened slightly on top and wider at the bottom.
A primer on furniture styles
Usually has a mitered corner embellishment. Do not depend only on hardware style to date a piece. Chair backs tend to be high and narrow, having a slight back tilt. It is characterized by elements reminiscent of Greek architecture, such as pilasters, flutes, column, acanthus, foliate scrolls, Greek key motifs and anthemion high-relief carving. This style of carved furniture leg is characterized by scrolls at the top and the bottom, often spiraling in opposite directions.
Does the type of screw or nail correspond with the era the style of hardware represents? Upholstery of this period is often tufted, eliminating any large flat surface. Woods tend to be maple, walnut, white pine or southern yellow pine. McRae has written articles for multiple websites, how to make drawing on her experience in the home improvement industry and hydroponic gardening. Claw and ball feet become even larger and more decorative.
Japanned decoration tends to be in red, green and gilt, often on a blue-green field. Are they more worn than the rest of the piece? This layered effect was achieved by gluing thin layers together, with the grains running at right angles on each new layer. Although the dolphin as decoration dates back to Renaissance furniture, the use specifically in a chair or table feet began around the mids. Measure the tabletop for round tables.
Wood shrinks over time, and only in one direction. Look at the underside of the feet of a chair. Chairs with exaggerated proportions, winged splats, shell motifs, and trifid feet were all characteristic of the sophisticated furniture made in colonial Philadelphia. As the period aged, more ornamentation became present on the finished furniture styles. Leg styles are key not only to the appearance and functionality of pieces, but they can also be used to successfully identify many types of antique furniture.